The Structure of a Philosophical Essay

The structure of a philosophical essay should reflect the logic of the writer’s argument. Also, this determines the type of system on the basis of which the writer answers a subject in the essay. And although the basic principles of correct writing are valid for these works: clarity, coherence and organization; Also other logical concerns are, and influence the process of writing an essay.

Grounding a Purpose
Unless you write an open philosophical essay, you will have to substantiate an issue or message. Therefore, the type of issue will largely determine the structure of the argument. In other words, the structure is developed from two categories: the construction of an idea and the defense of an argument. In the first, the central thesis is expressed by a paraphrase of the point of view or arguments, such as, for example, the cave meaning of Plato’s metaphor. In the second, the writer starts from a perspective for the defense of a certain subject, as, for example, euthanasia, whose ethic defends it as an alternative, in the body of the essay.

Introduction
A good philosophical essay requires an introduction. Its length should not exceed 8 and 12 statements. In this one the central thesis of the writer is exposed. In pre-existing argument reconstructions, a brief critical analysis or relevant passage on the subject may be included. In the case of those who discuss an issue, and defend it with arguments, the statement of its terms must be presented. For example, in one on the ethics of euthanasia requires that the definition of the term appear in the introduction. In the last sentence of the introduction of any type of philosophical essay, the central thesis and the position of the writer should appear, and should briefly present the aspects or reasons that will be developed in detail later in the paper.

The paragraphs of the essay
In the paragraphs of the philosophical essay, the writer enunciates his argument and develops them. The writer expresses his sense of what is right or better, as an alternative point of view. In philosophical thought, logic is a fundamental tool, while explanation is only one more consideration for the organization of such paragraphs. Each should address a reason and the corresponding explanation according to the central argument as true or false. Points of support and ideas should not be limited to mere enunciation, but should be supported by secondary arguments. The main paragraphs must fulfill three tasks: the first consists in demonstrating the validity of the secondary arguments and how the central argument is correct; The second has to support the truth of the secondary arguments with facts and the third, the paragraphs must take into account other points of view, called against arguments. The writer must consider and respond to possible objections to his central thesis.

The conclusion
In school work, students learn to formulate an introduction in final paragraphs. However, this method is not the best strategy for writing a philosophical essay. The conclusion must achieve one of the following three tasks: the first, to consider arguments against its central thesis that may raise a real objection, but which will not be accepted by those who do not have much experience; Second, to contextualize the essay, imagining and articulating the consequences according to the general picture to accept or reject the central thesis, and third, to explore the ways in which the subject of the essay can be developed much better.

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